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Jets45 Engines

Germany

Argus

    As 014 (pulesjet)    A simple form of jet propulsion, developed by Paul Schmitdt from the ramjet, but it has spring loaded inlet valves which slam shut when the fuel ignites, in this form the engine managed to produce around 750 lb of thrust. The first flight of the As 014 was at the end 1942, when fitted to the prototype Fi 103 Fieseler Fi 103 V-1"Flying Bomb". It was also used to power the Me 328 and versions of the He 280, He 162A-10 ( see Ford Pulesjet)
    As 044 (pulesjet)   
    A more powerful version of the As 014 pulesjet, engine making up to 1,100 lb of thrust.
    Fitted to the Heinkel He 162A-11 and Junkers EF 126

BMW

    Oestrich Motorjet    A Ducted Fan engine powered by a Bramo 325, fitted to a Focke-Wulf Fw 44 Biplane, it took to the air flawlessly.
    P 3302 
    BMW's first axial flow engine, the contract for which was issued in early 1939, this engine first ran in 1940, but never made the power hoped for until mid 1943 as the 003A-0. How ever by late 1941 it was developed enough to be fitted to the Me 262 V1, for that aircraft's first jet powered flight on the 25/3/1942.
    003A-1  
    The production version of the P 3302, making 1,760 lb of thrust, only reached mass production in mid 1944. Fitted to the Heinkel He 162, He 219TL and Arado Ar 234 C. (see Tumanskii RD 20).
    003A-1R    
    A 003A-1 fitted with a BMW 109-548 rocket motor, which made around 2,700 lb of thrust, this with the 003-A's 1,760 lb made 4,460 lb of thrust per engine. Fitted to the Me 262 C-2b and flown in March 1945, this engine was also intended for the Ar 234 V-16.
    018   
    Designed in 1943 with an out put of 3,500 kg of thrust, parts for two engines were made with one engine completed and ready to be fitted to a Henschel Hs 130 testbed, when unfortunately the engine was destroyed in a bombing raid in late 1944, work was not continued.

Daimler-Benz

    021 (turboprop)   
    The development of the Heinkel He S 011,as a base for a turboprop engine. The engine was acquired from Heinkel-Hirth (He S 021) due to Heinkel,s work overload. It was hoped to fit the engine in the Arado Ar 234 and Me 262 B2a

Focke-Wulf

    FW Turbojet    A simple centrifugal engine of Focke-Wulf's own design (like the He S 3?). Fitted in late 1942 to a Fw 190 instead of the BMW 801, project abandoned.

Heinkle

    He S 3   
    Designed by Von Ohain, a centrifugal engine making 1,100 lb of thrust. It was first tested on the He 118 in 1938, then fitted to the He 178 in 1939, which became the first turbojet powered aircraft to fly under it's own power on 27/08/39
    .
    He S 8   
    A major redesign of the He S 3, the new engine made no more than 1,100lb of thrust, because of it's small inlet and dropped in favour of the He S 011. Fitted to the Heinkel He 280.
    The He-S-8 fitted to the the He 280 V3 on it's first flight
    He S 30   
    Development of Heinkel's first axial-flow engine started in the summer of 1939 Given top priority by Eernst Heinkel the engine was tested in 1941 and by 1942 the engine made 820 kp, but work was halted in July 1942 so development could be focuses on the He S 011.
    He S 011 
    Conceived by Helmut Schelp in 1942, the He S 011 was the most advanced engine developed up to 1945, it consisted of a diagonal centrifugal compressor and a three stage axial compressor, it was hoped that it would make 3,500 lb of thrust. Only around 19 engines were ever made by the end of the war, It did take to the air how ever in early 1945 fitted to Heinkel He 111 testbed.

Junkers

    004   
    Designed in 1939 by Anselm Franz the 004 was a very conservative engine, it first ran in 1940 making around 1,000 lb of thrust. In 1943 the production engine 004-B made 2,000 lb of thrust, by the end of the war over 6,000 engine had been made. Fitted to the Me 262, Ar 234 A/B, Ju 278, He 343, Me P1101, Ho IX/Go 229 and Ta 183V-1. As well as the French So 6000 (see Tumanskii RD 10)
    004 E    A 004 engine fitted with an afterburner, it was just about to enter production in May 1945.
    012   
    This engine was designed for the Ju 287, with an out put of 6,600 lbs. Parts were made for one engine before the end of the war.
    022 (turboprop)   
    One engine made by 1945, but it's development was continued by the USSR under the name NK-12
    The NK-12 as fitted to the Tu 128
    Jumo 226 (pulesjet)   
    A pulse jet with a thrust of 500 kg developed at the end of the war, similar to the Argus 044. Development continued after the Soviets occupied Dessau, with twelve engines being completed in Germany end of August 1946. The engine was tested fitted to a Junkers Ju 88G from the end of 1946 to 1947, before work was moved to Plant 30 Nr Moscow.
For a more detailed look at Junkers Jet Engines Jets45 Junkers History

Sanger

    Sanger Ramjet   
    Dr Eugen Sanger worked on ramjet engines for the DFS from 1941. The engines were tested on a modified Doriner Do 17 Z. In 1945 a Sanger engines with a diameter of 1.5m and a length of 9.5m was used in the Skoda/Kauba P.14 fighter, the ramjet being the major part of the fuselage.


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